Finance Leverage Ratio

Total Debts to Assets: Provides information about the company’s ability to absorb asset reductions arising from losses without jeopardizing the interest of creditors. Formula: Total Liabilities Total Assets Capitalization Ratio: Indicates long-term debt usage. Formula: Long-Term Debt Long-Term Debt + Owners’ Equity Debt to Equity: Indicates how well creditors are protected in case of the […]

Profitability Ratios

Net Profit Margin (Return on Sales): A measure of net income dollars generated by each dollar of sales. Formula: Net Income * Net Sales * Refinements to the net income figure can make it more accurate than this ratio computation. They could include removal of equity earnings from investments, “other income” and “other expense” items […]

Sources of Finance For Startups

Start-up businesses often have a difficult time finding sources of start-up business financing for their initial financing needs. It is often not possible to get bank loans because financial institutions aren’t interested in unproven businesses. Even with the best possible business plan, in the world of business and finance, you may not be able to convince […]

Ratio Analysis

Ratio analysis is the quantitative analysis of financial information from a company’s financial statements or share price. Ratios are key to financial analysis, as they provide input for evaluating and comparing a company to its peers, or to an industry benchmark. Ratios provide the vital signs used to measure corporate health, allowing investors to drill down […]

Letters of Credit

A letter of credit is essentially a financial contract between a bank, a bank’s customer and a beneficiary. Generally issued by an importer’s bank, the letter of credit guarantees an exporter will be paid once the conditions of the letter of credit have been met. Use: Letters of credit are used to minimize risk in […]

How To Calculate Wealth

Wealth measures the value of all the assets of worth owned by a person, community, company or country. Wealth is determined by taking the total market value of all physical and intangible assets owned, then subtracting all debts. How to Calculate Your Net Worth: Make a list of all of your assets: This includes retirement savings, your current checking […]

Credit Appraisal of Term Loans by Financial Institutions

The primary objective of credit appraisal is to ensure that the money is given in right hands and the capital and interest income of the bank is relatively secured. It denotes evaluating the proposal of the loan to find out repayment capacity of the borrower. The process involves an appraisal of market, management, technical, and financial. […]